More Herbs/Spices

1. Anise



1. It's botanical/Latin name
Pimpinella anisum
2. Folk and common names
Sweet Cumin, Aniseed
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plante
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Order: Illiciales
Family: Illiciaceae
Genus: Illicium
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
Apparently aniseed can help to protect against the evil eye and can help to enhance psychic abilities. As a tea, it can help to induce a trance. This herb is also supposed to help increase breast milk and help with menstrual issues.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
Annual herb with white flowers. Long stems with feather like, bright green leaves. Anise flowers in summer and grows best in hot summers.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
It's been long used as an herb to help with gas and bloating. It has expectorant properties as well. It helps to ease congestion and coughing.
9. Your sources
Annies Remedy Anise Seed Pimpinella Anisum Author Annie's Remedy https://www.anniesremedy.com/pimpinella ... e-seed.php
Drugs.com Anise Author Drugs.com https://www.drugs.com/npc/anise.html#moreResources
Plants.USDA.gov Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... display=31

2. Basil


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Ocimum basilicum L.
2. Folk and common names
Sweet Basil
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Ocimum L.
Species: Ocimum Basilicum L.
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
The Greeks and Romans felt that basil was related to hatred because the only way it would grow was if it were planted with much swearing and ranting. The Italians equated basil with love. The Sicilian equated it to both love and death.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
Originated in Asia and Africa. Green Leafy herb. Sweet basil is most commonly used in Italian dishes. It has very little nutrient base with the exception on Vitamin K.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Basil is most commonly used for nausea and insect bites. It has been used to help with anxiety and depression. It helps to control blood sugar and blood pressure. Basil may also be a possible antibiotic for infectious disease.
9. Your sources
Healthline Basil: Nutrition, Health Benefits, Uses, and More Author Marsha McCulloch https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/basil
Mother Earth Living Basil: Herbal Lore and Legends Author Lauren Holt https://www.motherearthliving.com/natur ... nd-legends
United States Department Of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... ssid=OCIMU

3. Horsetail


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Equisetum Arvense
2. Folk and common names
Horsetail Scouring Rush
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Equistophyta
Class: Equistopsida
Subclass:
Order: Equisetales
Family: Equisetaceae
Genus: Equisetum L.

4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
Some in Bulgaria use it help with a sore throat but are told not to swallow it. Some have also used it for fertility by placing it in the bedroom.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
This is a perennial plant that looks similar to asparagus. As the plant ages, it's silica content rises making it a great way to scour pots and pans especially pewter. This is a nonflowering plant that has been said to be invasive although it has been here for many years.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Diuretic, wounds, Osteoporosis, Kidney stones and urinary tract infections. It's supposed to help stop bleeding and speed healing.
9. Your sources
Penn State HerseyHorsetail Author Stephen D. Ehrlich http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/conten ... gid=000257
Plant Lore Horsetail Author Roy Vickery https://www.plant-lore.com/horsetail/
United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... ssid=EQUIS

4. Spearmint


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Mentha Spicata
2. Folk and common names
Spearmint
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiles
Family: Lamiaceae/ Labiatae
Genus: Mentha L.
Species: Mentha Spicata L.
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
It sounds as though spearmint was used for many different things in history and lore. Persephone was said to turn another into a mint plant. It's been used for stomach issues for many centuries. It's thought that spearmint is also good for beauty products.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
Square stems that can grow up to 2 feet in height. Mint will grow in almost any type of soil. Should be partially shaded but in Southern Arizona, it will need more shade. This is a perennial plant so it will continue to grow every year.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Spearmint has been used for stomach issues for many years. It helps with upset stomachs. Spearmint has been used for an antispasmodic, a stimulant, and a carminative. Spearmint is often used for upset stomach or flatulence, especially in children because spearmint is not as strong as peppermint.
9. Your sources
Medical News Today Spearmint: Health Benefits and More Author Joseph Nordqvist https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266128.php
Our Herb Garden Mint Author Our Herb Garden http://www.ourherbgarden.com/herb-history/mint.html
United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MESP3

5. Chickweed


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Stellaria Media
2. Folk and common names
Common Chickweed, Alsine Media, Capiqui, Fleur en Satin
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Stellaria L.
Species: Stellaria Media (L.) Vill.
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
In European folklore, chickweed was used to attract love and maintain relationships. This was done by carrying a piece of chickweed with you to attract your mate or keep your mate loyal to you. In magic, chickweed usually signifies balance.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
The leaves of the plant are egg shaped and smooth. The stem is weak. The flowers are small and star like. They like sun but are dormant in the warmer months preferring cooler weather. They bloom around February or March.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
This has been used for inflammation and ulcers. It has also been used for external abscesses.
9. Your sources
Edible Wild Food Chickweed Author Karen Stephenson https://www.ediblewildfood.com/chickweed.aspx
A Modern Herbal Chickweed Author Botanical.com https://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/c/chickw60.html
United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=STME2
The Practical Herbalist Chickweed History, Folklore, Myth, and Magic Author Noel Groves https://www.thepracticalherbalist.com/h ... and-magic/
WebMd Chickweed Author WebMD https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingre ... /chickweed

6. Thyme


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Thymus Vulgaris
2. Folk and common names
Garden Thyme
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Thymus L.
Species: Thymus Vulgaris
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
Thyme has long been used in funerals because the soul would go to the flowers which would ensure travel to the next world. It has been used in religious practices the world over for many centuries. It has long been associated with the Fairy Folk as it is a good place for them to hide.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
This looks like a shrub even though it is not considered a shrub. The small leaves grow in clusters on the thin stem.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Thyme has antimicrobial and antibacterial properties making it a staple in many pantries for this alone. It can help with respiratory issues when used in aromatherapy. It has also been used to help heal issues of the skin.
9. Your sources
The Herbal Touch A Little Thyme Goes a Long Way Author Michael Bettler http://www.theherbaltouch.com/iha/thyme.html
Medical News Today What are the Benefits of Thyme? Author Natalie Butler https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266016.php
The Spruce Eats What is Thyme? Uses, Benefits, and Recipes Author Jess Kapadia https://www.thespruceeats.com/all-about-thyme-996135
United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... ssid=THYMU


7. Jasmine


1. It's botanical/Latin name
Jasminum L.
2. Folk and common names
Gold Coast Jasmine
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Jasmium L.
Species: Jasminum Dichotomum Vahl
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
The scent is calming and relaxing making it a perfect addition for tea. The name literally means “gift of God”.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
Jasmine grows best in a forest type area with well-drained soil. It is a climbing vine that flowers. It does well in partial shade.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Jasmine is great for relaxation and helps to calm.
9. Your sources
The Joy of Plants Jasmine Author The Flower Council of Holland https://www.thejoyofplants.co.uk/jasmine
Monterey Bay Spice Company Jasmine Author Herb Co. https://www.herbco.com/c-327-jasmine-flower.aspx
United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... ssid=JASMI




8. Nettle

1. It's botanical/Latin name
Urtica Dioica
2. Folk and common names
Nettle, Stinging Nettle, greater nettle, common nettle
3. Scientific Classification – Division/class/family/etc.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Hamamelididae
Order: Urticales
Family: Urticaceae
Genus: Urtica L.
Species: Urtica Dioica L. SSP. dioica
4. Whether it is an herb or a spice
Herb
5. A photo of the plant (This doesn't need to be one that you took, just an image that shows the plant.  Botanical.com is a great place to get accurate plant photos.)
Image
6. Any folklore you can find
Nettle has been used for years to help with anemia and constipation. Nettle has also been used for string for many years because the stems are so fibrous.
7. A description of the herb/spice (What it looks like, parts of the plant, how you can identify it, where it grows, life cycle - ie annual or perennial, light needs - ie full sun or shade, etc.)
Hairy heart shaped leaves, herbaceous plant, Green flowers with long clusters. Needs moist soil with partial shade.
8. It's medicinal properties (If used is it an anti-inflammatory or perhaps its a diuretic, etc. Remember those big fancy words you just learned about?  This is where you will use them!)
Nettle helps with constipation, blood tonic, anemia, allergies, and respiratory issues.
9. Your sources
Healthline The Health Benefits of Nettle Tea Author Erin Moore https://www.healthline.com/health/food- ... nettle-tea

Pioneer Bushcraft Plant Lore: Stinging Nettle Author Sean Faganhttp://www.pioneerbushcraft.org/nature-article ... ng-nettle/

United States Department of Agriculture Classification Author United States Department of Agriculture https://plants.usda.gov/java/Classifica ... assid=URDI

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